S.P.E.A.K.

We are the Society for the Promotion of Education and Advancement of Knowledge.


    Language

    avatar
    Vicky

    Posts : 73
    Join date : 2017-11-27

    Language Empty Language

    Post  Vicky on Fri 14 Sep 2018, 20:06

    The English word language comes via Old French from lingua, the Latin word for “tongue”. The modern French word for tongue, langue, is also used to mean “language”, as is the modern Italian word for tongue, lingua (same as Latin).
    George
    George
    Admin

    Posts : 352
    Join date : 2017-11-26

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  George on Fri 14 Sep 2018, 20:12

    I am currently reading the book Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction by P. H. Matthews.



    _________________
    You are welcome to S.P.E.A.K.
    avatar
    Vicky

    Posts : 73
    Join date : 2017-11-27

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Vicky on Fri 14 Sep 2018, 21:11

    The Spanish word for tongue, lengua, can also mean “language”, but there is another word for “language” in Spanish: idioma. As this word is derived from Greek rather than Latin, it is masculine (el idioma) even though it ends with -a.

    The word lenguaje also means “language”, but in the sense of technical language rather than spoken language.
    avatar
    Harald

    Posts : 63
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Sat 15 Sep 2018, 09:31

    French, Italian and Spanish belong to the Romance branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Another one is Romanian, the word for both “tongue” and “language” in which is limbă.

    Why is it that the word for both “tongue” and “language” is the same in these languages? While the quality of linguistic sounds can be influenced by the positioning of the tongue, the source of the sounds themselves is the larynx. I doubt if there is a language in which the same word is used for both “language” and “larynx”.
    avatar
    Melissa

    Posts : 54
    Join date : 2018-01-16

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Sat 15 Sep 2018, 09:48

    The source of vocal sounds in birds is the syrinx. Birdwatchers can often identify bird species by their songs or calls. Indeed, some birds, such as the Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) and Cetti’s Warbler (Cettia cetti), are much more often heard than seen.

    And the Romanian word for “syrinx” is siringe.
    avatar
    Vera

    Posts : 55
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Vera on Sat 15 Sep 2018, 15:02

    In Greek mythology, Syrinx was a nymph. And the Romanian word for “nymph” is nimfă.
    avatar
    Harald

    Posts : 63
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 05:23

    The nymph is a stage in the life cycle of certain insects. And the Romanian word for “insect” is insectă.
    avatar
    Melissa

    Posts : 54
    Join date : 2018-01-16

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 05:32

    A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the infraorder Anisoptera of the order Odonata. And the Romanian word for “dragonfly” is libelulă.
    avatar
    Ian

    Posts : 68
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Ian on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 17:29

    A dragon is a mythical creature, which probably can fly; one appears on the flag of Wales, as well as on the flag of Bhutan. And the Romanian word for “dragon” is dragon (as in English).
    avatar
    Sylvia

    Posts : 117
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Sylvia on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 18:10

    Fafner is a dragon in Richard Wagner’s Siegfried, an opera in German. And the German word for “dragon” is Drache.
    avatar
    Michael

    Posts : 53
    Join date : 2018-01-16

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Michael on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 21:06

    And the Latin word for “dragon” is draco – as in the motto of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry: Draco dormiens nunquam titillandus (“Never tickle a sleeping dragon”). By the way, the one in the book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows and in the film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 can fly!
    avatar
    Melissa

    Posts : 54
    Join date : 2018-01-16

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Tue 18 Sep 2018, 20:25

    And the word for “dragon” in Catalan (another Romance language) is drac. It is not dragó, which is the Catalan word for gecko, a reptile belonging to the family Gekkonidae of the suborder Lacertilia (lizards) of the order Squamata.
    avatar
    Ian

    Posts : 68
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Ian on Tue 18 Sep 2018, 21:46

    Dragó is also Catalan for “dragoon”. “Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility, but dismounted to fight on foot,” Wikipedia.
    avatar
    Harald

    Posts : 63
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Fri 28 Sep 2018, 19:09

    The Catalan word for “foot” (human anatomical structure) is peu.
    avatar
    Vicky

    Posts : 73
    Join date : 2017-11-27

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Vicky on Sun 30 Sep 2018, 11:48

    Catalan is the official language of Andorra, “although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken” (Wikipedia). The Portuguese word for “foot” is .
    avatar
    Sophie

    Posts : 56
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Sophie on Sun 14 Oct 2018, 12:01

    As a unit of measure, 1 foot is equal to 0.3048 metre. The Portuguese word for “metre” is metro.
    avatar
    Harald

    Posts : 63
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Sun 14 Oct 2018, 18:16

    A meter, on the other hand, is a measuring device; for example, a sphygmomanometer measures blood pressure. The European Portuguese word for “sphygmomanometer” is esfigmomanómetro (esfigmomanômetro in Brazilian Portuguese).
    avatar
    Sophie

    Posts : 56
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Sophie on Thu 03 Jan 2019, 19:50

    In physics, pressure is force per unit area – or, to be more precise, the magnitude of the perpendicular component of a force exerted on a unit area of surface. The Portuguese word for “force” is força.
    avatar
    Vicky

    Posts : 73
    Join date : 2017-11-27

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Vicky on Fri 24 May 2019, 21:59

    The word for “force” (as used in physics) in Tamil, a Dravidian language spoken in S India and N Sri Lanka, is விசை.
    George
    George
    Admin

    Posts : 352
    Join date : 2017-11-26

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  George on Sat 25 May 2019, 00:58

    It is also spoken in Singapore, where it is one of four official languages. The Tamil name for Singapore is சிங்கப்பூர்.



    _________________
    You are welcome to S.P.E.A.K.
    avatar
    Melissa

    Posts : 54
    Join date : 2018-01-16

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Sun 26 May 2019, 21:29

    The name of the country is derived via Malay from the Sanskrit for “lion city”.
    However, it is unlikely that lions ever lived on the island; Sang Nila Utama, the Srivijayan prince said to have founded and named the island Singapura, perhaps saw a Malayan tiger [Panthera tigris tigris].
    Wikipedia.

    The Tamil word for “tiger” is புலி.
    avatar
    Vicky

    Posts : 73
    Join date : 2017-11-27

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Vicky on Mon 10 Jun 2019, 10:27

    In the novel Life of Pi by Yann Martel, the character Richard Parker is a Bengal tiger.

    The Bengali word for “tiger” is বাঘ.
    avatar
    Michael

    Posts : 53
    Join date : 2018-01-16

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Michael on Mon 10 Jun 2019, 10:33

    “Tiger Feet” is a song by Mud.

    The Bengali word for “mud” is কাদা.
    avatar
    Vera

    Posts : 55
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Vera on Tue 11 Jun 2019, 13:27

    Mud is defined by The New Penguin Dictionary of Geology as “[s]ediment whose particles have a size <62 µm” whereas clay is “sediment with particles <4 µm in size”.

    The creation of man from clay is a miraculous birth theme that recurs throughout world religions and mythologies.
    Wikipedia.

    The Bengali word for “clay” is কাদামাটি.

    Sponsored content

    Language Empty Re: Language

    Post  Sponsored content


      Current date/time is Tue 18 Jun 2019, 18:43