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    Vicky

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    Join date : 2017-11-27

    Language

    Post  Vicky on Fri 14 Sep 2018, 20:06

    The English word language comes via Old French from lingua, the Latin word for “tongue”. The modern French word for tongue, langue, is also used to mean “language”, as is the modern Italian word for tongue, lingua (same as Latin).
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    George
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    Re: Language

    Post  George on Fri 14 Sep 2018, 20:12

    I am currently reading the book Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction by P. H. Matthews.



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    Vicky

    Posts : 54
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    Re: Language

    Post  Vicky on Fri 14 Sep 2018, 21:11

    The Spanish word for tongue, lengua, can also mean “language”, but there is another word for “language” in Spanish: idioma. As this word is derived from Greek rather than Latin, it is masculine (el idioma) even though it ends with -a.

    The word lenguaje also means “language”, but in the sense of technical language rather than spoken language.

    Harald

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    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Sat 15 Sep 2018, 09:31

    French, Italian and Spanish belong to the Romance branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Another one is Romanian, the word for both “tongue” and “language” in which is limbă.

    Why is it that the word for both “tongue” and “language” is the same in these languages? While the quality of linguistic sounds can be influenced by the positioning of the tongue, the source of the sounds themselves is the larynx. I doubt if there is a language in which the same word is used for both “language” and “larynx”.

    Melissa

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    Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Sat 15 Sep 2018, 09:48

    The source of vocal sounds in birds is the syrinx. Birdwatchers can often identify bird species by their songs or calls. Indeed, some birds, such as the Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) and Cetti’s Warbler (Cettia cetti), are much more often heard than seen.

    And the Romanian word for “syrinx” is siringe.

    Vera

    Posts : 48
    Join date : 2017-12-02

    Re: Language

    Post  Vera on Sat 15 Sep 2018, 15:02

    In Greek mythology, Syrinx was a nymph. And the Romanian word for “nymph” is nimfă.

    Harald

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    Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 05:23

    The nymph is a stage in the life cycle of certain insects. And the Romanian word for “insect” is insectă.

    Melissa

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    Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 05:32

    A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the infraorder Anisoptera of the order Odonata. And the Romanian word for “dragonfly” is libelulă.

    Ian

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    Re: Language

    Post  Ian on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 17:29

    A dragon is a mythical creature, which probably can fly; one appears on the flag of Wales, as well as on the flag of Bhutan. And the Romanian word for “dragon” is dragon (as in English).

    Sylvia

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    Re: Language

    Post  Sylvia on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 18:10

    Fafner is a dragon in Richard Wagner’s Siegfried, an opera in German. And the German word for “dragon” is Drache.

    Michael

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    Re: Language

    Post  Michael on Mon 17 Sep 2018, 21:06

    And the Latin word for “dragon” is draco – as in the motto of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry: Draco dormiens nunquam titillandus (“Never tickle a sleeping dragon”). By the way, the one in the book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows and in the film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 can fly!

    Melissa

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    Re: Language

    Post  Melissa on Tue 18 Sep 2018, 20:25

    And the word for “dragon” in Catalan (another Romance language) is drac. It is not dragó, which is the Catalan word for gecko, a reptile belonging to the family Gekkonidae of the suborder Lacertilia (lizards) of the order Squamata.

    Ian

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    Re: Language

    Post  Ian on Tue 18 Sep 2018, 21:46

    Dragó is also Catalan for “dragoon”. “Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility, but dismounted to fight on foot,” Wikipedia.

    Harald

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    Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Fri 28 Sep 2018, 19:09

    The Catalan word for “foot” (human anatomical structure) is peu.

    Vicky

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    Re: Language

    Post  Vicky on Sun 30 Sep 2018, 11:48

    Catalan is the official language of Andorra, “although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken” (Wikipedia). The Portuguese word for “foot” is .

    Sophie

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    Re: Language

    Post  Sophie on Sun 14 Oct 2018, 12:01

    As a unit of measure, 1 foot is equal to 0.3048 metre. The Portuguese word for “metre” is metro.

    Harald

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    Re: Language

    Post  Harald on Sun 14 Oct 2018, 18:16

    A meter, on the other hand, is a measuring device; for example, a sphygmomanometer measures blood pressure. The European Portuguese word for “sphygmomanometer” is esfigmomanómetro (esfigmomanômetro in Brazilian Portuguese).

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